If you’re someone who runs a small business, then you already know that there are a lot of things that you have to consider in order to make sure that it is successful. You need to provide a great product or service. You need to keep your employees happy. And, you need to be aware of certain things like tax and labor laws too.
In fact, labor laws are what we’re going to discuss over the next few minutes. If you’re interested in knowing some of the important ones that every small business owner should be fully aware of, we have provided five of the top labor laws below:
Job discrimination. Hands down, one of the most important labor laws that any small business owner should know is that the one that directly relates to job discrimination. According to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, no one is allowed to hire (or fire) someone based on the grounds of their race, religion, sex or national origin.
Minimum wage. It’s kind of amazing to think of the fact that minimum wage has held at $7.75 all of this time but for many people, in 2014, that will change. That’s because President Obama has signed a bill that would raise minimum wage for federal contractors to $10.10. So, as a small business owner, it’s a good idea to research the minimum wage laws and make sure that you do not pay anything less than it. (By the way, minimum wage is connected to The Fair Labor Standards Act).
Immigration. Something that has definitely become a pretty hot topic of conversation over the past few years is immigration. And while there are actually quite a few companies that hire undocumented workers, it’s still against the law. According to The Immigration Reform and Control Act, it is currently illegal to hire or employ individuals who are living within the United States illegally. (Also that note that if you are paying them below minimum wage, that means you are breaking two labor laws at one time.)
Pregnancy discrimination. If you were to consult with the Cobb Law Group about some important small business laws that you should keep in mind, we’re pretty sure that one of the ones they would mention is that it’s absolutely essential that you not discriminate against pregnant women. That’s because The Pregnancy Discrimination Act prevents you from discriminating against any woman in the workplace if it’s related to her pregnancy, her childbirth or any other medical issues that may be directly related to it. This brings us to another really important labor law.
Family leave. One labor law that you might not initially be aware of is one that is related to family leave. The Family and Medical Leave Act states that if someone has been employed with your company for at least a year, they are able to take up to 12-weeks of unpaid, job-protected time in order to care for a newborn baby, an adopted child or a sick spouse, child or parent. For more information on labor laws, visit the U.S. Department of Labor at DOL.gov.